Plumes are bound to the arrowhead’s shaft and serve as airfoils to supply a small amount of pressure used to stabilize the trip of the arrow.
They are required to support the arrowhead in trip and stop it from tail yaw. That’s why rockets have fins on them. Fletching (Commonly called Plumes) is made to keep them in the right instructions during a flight.
If you fire an arrow without fletchings, It will certainly not spin when it passes from the bow riser. Without Fletchings, an arrowhead is similar to a stick.
If you throw the stick from your hand, It will certainly go a little farther and fall off. But if you fletch that stick, the fins will support its flight as well as it will go far away with accuracy.
” THE RESON FOR FLETCHING IS TO SPING THE ARROWHEAD WITH AERODYNAMICALLY. “
Feathers were traditionally attached to the arrows with glue and silk thread however we have actually not seen such arrowheads nowadays. And now, Fletchings are made from modern plastic, rubber or timber.